China Encourages De-Urbanization With Ag Subsidies, Offers More Benefits to Counteract

China's growth strategy in the coming decade includes increased urbanization, but rural residents are headed in the opposite direction as the government makes rural hukous more valuable with agricultural subsidies. To counteract this, the government is making rural hukous even more valuable by allowing rural residents to access urban social welfare without giving up their hukous.

July 27, the State Council issued "on the implementation of the support of a number of agricultural work to the public fiscal policy," which was released to farmers a major positive information.

"Notice" presented ten concrete policy measures: the agricultural work and other permanent residents' children compulsory education included coverage of public finance, and gradually improve the implementation of secondary vocational education tuition-free preschool and inclusive policy; to accelerate the implementation relationship between the transfer connection measures and off-site medical billing approach; urban and rural social security system to speed up the implementation of a unified standard; support for the transfer of agricultural population into the city settled the unemployed persons registered as unemployed, and enjoy the vocational guidance, presentation, training and skills identification and other public employment services and support policies; the establishment of agricultural transfer of population citizens incentives to improve household population urbanization rate; according to the household population estimates based allocation balance transfers full consideration to hold a residence permit people to provide basic public services expenditure needs; county-level basic financial guarantee mechanism to consider demographic factors residence permit holders; support enhance urban functions, improve the city's carrying capacity; to maintain the city settled farmers' land contract rights, the right to use the homestead, the collective income distribution right; increase agricultural work to the public of the financial support and the establishment of the dynamic adjustment mechanism.

Land tenure security, stable employment, there is social security, these one less. That is, the rural household migrate to the cities, not only can enjoy the city's educational resources, public services, health care, employment mechanism, you can also remain in the ownership of rural land, continue to enjoy the land contract rights, homestead rights, collective income distribution rights.

Hukou Bonus "reverses" Some people want to move back to the countryside!

Why the State Department to give rural households do such a big bonus? Reporter survey found that to improve slowly in the household population urbanization rate behind, there is a certain "counter urbanization" phenomenon.

Most rural students admitted to the University no longer move their household, and a portion of year-round living in rural household staff of the city, has been fully settled in urban conditions, but still choose to remain in rural areas accounts.

The reason why farmers settled in the city resident will not high, on the one hand due to the rural household incidental benefits under the urban-rural dual structure system, rural land is collectively owned, farmers homestead and farmland, forests and other contracting authority, even with the in recent years, the policy tilt, in the rural household, health care has also been given special treatment; on the other hand, after the city residents have the advantage, such as education, health, home, rural household workers and urban residents to participate as long as you can get the same work, to attract force greatly reduced.
The article concludes by speculating being a farmer may beat real estate in coming years due to the rising value of farmers' land rights.

iFeng: 国务院发出信号 这类人要富!

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