Loser Cities of the New 8x8 High Speed Rail Network

The old "iron age" rail network is on top, followed by the new high-speed rail system. The cities said to be losers, which figured into the old network but not the new, include:
High-speed rail era, why these cities become "losers"?

We are above "eight vertical and eight horizontal" make an overall inventory, respectively, to identify the Chinese city "high iron hegemony", "iron hot", "high-speed rail Rookie" and "high-speed rail losers." After the article was sent out, it caused great social repercussions, but always felt something more to say, because the article only sums up the phenomenon, there is no analysis of the reasons.

So, what is the reason decide who is the winner and who is the loser? We briefly review these "losers" of the rise and fall of history.

The first number of a lost belongings Zhuzhou . And Zhengzhou, Shijiazhuang, like Zhuzhou is a typical "train pull up the city." Poor iron age, Zhuzhou Beijing-Guangzhou line and the Shanghai-Kunming line of intersection, Zhengzhou is the Beijing-Guangzhou line and the Longhai line of intersection between the two famous, known as "the north of Zhengzhou, Zhuzhou south" of the story. Because the hub of the railway, Zhuzhou has also become a very important train and subway train production base, once fame.

After entering the era of high-speed rail, Zhengzhou Zhuzhou apparently not so good treatment. Zhengzhou Longhai line continues the glorious, is still an important node in road and bridge passages, but the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed channel change has not gone away and the provincial capital of Changsha, Zhuzhou, which makes the hub Zhuzhou plummeted.

Xiangtang (affiliated with Nanchang County) Zhuzhou somewhat similar situation, it was the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Shanghai-Kunming Railway intersection, but after entering the era of high-speed rail, high-speed Shanghai-Kunming channel does not change to go to the pond provincial capital Nanchang, the xiangtang hub also plummeted.

Liuzhou is often a very agitated and "losers." In the history of a very long period of time, Liuzhou is a veteran railway hub in Southwest China, Guizhou-Guangxi Railway, Xiang-Gui railway, Jiaozuo-Liuzhou railway intersection here three trunk. Prominent hub, not only to Liuzhou become a well-known industrial city, but also to get a Liuzhou Railway Bureau organ, which is the only one not located in the capital city of the Railway Bureau. We are familiar with today Vanke head Pharaoh, his father had a job in Railways.

However, after the reform and opening up, Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway general decline in industrial city, Liuzhou hub is no longer so bright, Liuzhou Railway Bureau also relocated in 2007 to the provincial capital Nanning, renamed Nanning Railway Bureau, the only one not located in railway Bureau, the provincial capital of the past.

After entering the era of high-speed rail, Liuzhou hub is plummeting, Guiguang high-speed rail from the north of Liuzhou , Guilin roaring, South Takatetsu then straight south of Liuzhou, Nanning, Liuzhou sandwiched between two lines, described as "vain before village, after vain shop ", and called South Corridor north-south direction, did not choose to enter the Guangxi Liuzhou railway tradition portal. In contrast, general iron age very marginalized Guilin, become the intersection of channel and call the South Portland wide channel, Nanning is to become the call south, Guangxi wide, including three sea Route intersection.

Another frequently mentioned by people "losers" is Luoyang . Poor iron age, it is Longhai line with Jiaoliu line of intersection, Zhengzhou. But after entering the era of high-speed railway, the east-west Longhai railway line was promoted to the high bridge channel, but Jiaoliu line north-south were abandoned in favor of the call in the South Passage Way Zhengzhou, Luoyang lose a trunk north-south direction, the provincial capital of Zhengzhou Jingguang is obtained with two north-south trunk call south.

Our readers also highlighted Baoji . Poor iron age, the Longhai Railway and Baoji Baocheng - Chengdu-Kunming railway intersection in Xi'an, Shaanxi province is second only to the second largest railway hub, Shaanxi, Sichuan north portal is a transit land of Sichuan, Gansu . But after entering the era of high-speed rail, Jing Kun railway to Chengdu and Xi'an in direct communication, blue-Canton Railway communication directly from Lanzhou and Chengdu, Baoji do not need to pass. Hub Baoji plummeted.

There Dazhou. In Cape iron age, Dazhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, north of the River must pass through, but in the high-speed rail era, the necessary land into Chongqing's Wanzhou (along the river channel, called South Corridor, Cheng Yu-high-speed rail) intersection. I can guess, when two provinces of Sichuan and Chongqing high-speed rail competition for resources, prevailed municipality of Chongqing, Chengdu, Sichuan only ability to protect the status of other cities are both too busy.

Another may be less obvious "losers" is in Xiamen . Poor iron age, Fujian factors as location occupies a corner of the complex terrain and Taiwan relations, the status of the national railway hubs has been a marginal role, the two major cities of Fuzhou and Xiamen have no trunk around the country, it can be described as the radius eighty-two. Enter the high-speed rail era, Xiamen and Fuzhou appear in the distribution of high-speed rail a resource gap, Beijing, Hong Kong and Taiwan (the main line to the Beijing-Kowloon) channels are pulled from Hefei and Nanchang two branches access Fuzhou, rather than in more affluent Xiazhang Springs area.

In contrast, Xiamen Xia Yu access channel, its gold content than the Beijing-Hong Kong and Taiwan channel is much lower. There are, in theory, the access channel from Taiwan Fuzhou access rather than access from Xiamen.

I write to you, I believe we will soon reach a conclusion: the high-speed rail competition for resources, non-capital city is not simply rival capital cities, municipalities common identity nor opponent. However, if this phenomenon merely as the victory of the executive power, in fact, is not comprehensive. In addition to power, in fact, there are some quite complex technical and economic factors.

For example, Zhuzhou and xiangtang lost, and can not simply be understood as the capital city of the "bully." This is from the Zhejiang-Jiangxi (Shanghai-Kunming Railway rudiment) Speaking of history, the railway was built in the early 20th century, xiangtang Zhuzhou almost in a straight line with the Zhejiang-Jiangxi railway, the construction of these two places is the most economical choice . Also, if you take Nanchang (Jiangxi Cross River) and Changsha (cross Xiangjiang), it involves building bridges technology is more complicated. More importantly, the railway built at the time of the introduction of private capital also in Zhejiang, private capital costs must be preoccupied.

Visible, Nanchang and Changsha two provincial towns in that there was no access to Shanghai-Kunming Railway, in fact, is limited by economic and technological conditions. Today, these two are not the problem, the greater access to the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail traffic, the economy is more developed provincial capital, of course, it is the proper meaning. Moreover, Zhuzhou and Changsha have been integrated, Nanchang County Nanchang xiangtang belongs is hosting area.

Baoji loss and Zhuzhou has a similar logic, into the era of high-speed rail technology and money is not a problem, the economy is more developed, can be directly connected to a larger population size between the capital city, why else pass a prefecture-level city?

Another example Liuzhou and Luoyang loss, in addition to competition, there is a more important reason may be the provincial capital, that is, Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway with the decline. Jiaozuo-Liuzhou railway was built in the 1970s, is a north-south Beijing-Kowloon Railway Corridor than earlier, it shows the importance of this channel along the city. In fact, the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou railway connection at the time a lot of very bright industrial cities, such as Jiaozuo, Luoyang, Nanyang, Xiangyang, Liuzhou, this line can be compared to an industrial corridor.

But after the reform and opening up, especially in the coastal areas of China's economic center of gravity began to shift after the industrial city of Jiaozuo-Liuzhou railway is gradually fading, drop-economic status, the right to bring down the discourse, which led to its weight in the national trunk network traffic heavy followed the decline. Back to Guangxi province, GGR to be connected Guiyang and Guangzhou, Nanning-Guangzhou railway to connect Nanning and Guangzhou, Liuzhou had not the year that radiant Liuzhou, but a mediocre level city , of course, become a dispensable railway node.

So, whether or Liuzhou Luoyang, which became the "losers" in the high-speed rail plan, the root cause of the decline, or economic status. Imagine if the province has in Liuzhou Shenzhen as economic status, I believe, whether it is your Canton, Canton South still call the South, can not bypass it.

Speaking of Shenzhen , in this round of high-speed rail plan, which may be the only city not been a capital city "bully" the. Entering the era of high-speed rail, direct access to the coastal path and Shenzhen-Hong Kong (Taiwan) two lines passage, the provincial capital of Guangzhou in Guangdong Province, and almost double the central pattern is formed, in which all provinces in the first case. Shenzhen rely realize the impact of the provincial capital of the hub? Or by fundamental economic strength to enhance the right to speak to bring improvement.

Overall, the plan can not be static, but to the times, it should not only reflect the will to power, to be more realistic economic development needs , which may be the biggest on the basis of which a high-speed rail planning. The lost parts of the city simply understood as the power of "bully" is at least one incomplete interpretation.
iFeng: “八纵八横”时代,中国哪些城市将被抛弃?

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